Removable partial dentures are used when only a few teeth are missing and there are still natural teeth present in the mouth. The missing teeth are replaced by this type of denture in an effective and esthetic design that uses both the soft tissue ridge (gums) and the teeth to hold it securely in place. This tooth replacement is removable by the patient, which makes cleaning easier. Depending on the individual, the foundation of the partial denture can be made of rigid plastic (acrylic) or a flexible plastic or a combination of plastic and metal.
The ideal treatment plan is determined after a thorough examination of the teeth, soft tissue (gums and cheeks), and the remaining bone. The examination also includes x-rays (radiographs) and impressions to make models of the mouth. A partial denture is then fabricated to replace single or multiple missing teeth. Talk to your dentist to see if you will be a candidate for removable partial dentures.
An immediate denture is constructed before the natural tooth/teeth are removed so that you will not be without teeth immediately after extraction. Constructing immediate dentures involves taking impressions of your mouth before extracting the natural teeth. Once the natural teeth are removed the denture can then be inserted immediately. Because the denture is placed over the new extraction site it actually prevents any inflammation. Postoperative visits are normally required to check the extraction site and make required adjustments to the dentures that might need to be relined to fit the changes that have occurred in the mouth. Talk to your dentist to see if you will be a candidate for immediate complete or partial dentures.
Complete dentures replace all of the natural teeth in the upper or lower jaw, or both. Several different procedures are required to make sure your denture(s) will fit the shape of your mouth, and provide the necessary support for your face. The design of the complete denture(s) and position of the teeth will help restore good speech and appearance.
A complete clinical examination of the mouth is necessary to determine the condition of the soft tissues and the size and shape of the dental arches/bone before fabricating the dentures. Complete dentures are removable by the patient, which makes cleaning easier. Talk to your dentist to see if you will be a candidate for complete dentures.
A complete denture is difficult for many patients to wear and get used to. Over time, the dental ridges (gums) that are required to support a denture reduce in size thereby creating a growing problem of keeping the dentures in place. Sore spots and difficulty in chewing are common when a denture moves around in the mouth. This is especially seen in patients wearing lower dentures.
A dental implant provides a foundation to hold down a denture and keep it firmly in place. It is estimated that implant supported dentures restore nearly 90% of chewing ability. Lower dentures require a minimum of two implants for normal function, one on each side.
Patients with dental implants report the following benefits:
· Better ability to chew
· Improved appearance
· More confidence
· Maintain a healthier diet
· Are happier and feel better about themselves
Talk to your dentist to see if you will be a candidate for implant-supported dentures.